Aretha Franklin – Amazing Grace

Aretha Franklin’s album Amazing Grace is one of those records that is defining for the artists career, the time it was recorded and the future of music. Personally, I think this is Aretha’s best album. No, you won’t find megahits like “Respect” or “Think ” on Amazing Grace’s track list, but this 1972 album of gospel covers influenced rock and rollers as diverse as the Rolling Stones and U2, and transformed gospel and R&B as we know it. And, at double-platinum status, it remains her best selling album.

amazing_grace_stillAretha Franklin could have proclaimed whatever she wanted when she walked up the aisle of the New Temple Missionary Baptist Church in Watts, Los Angeles, on January 13, 1972. Her performance would be the first of two nights there and her introduction, the audience’s cheers, and an arsenal of microphones and cameras, gave her the foundation and anticipation to shout in a voice that had become internationally familiar. Still, at that church, when Franklin wasn’t singing, she hardly said anything.

Franklin was away from Detroit, where she was raised, and New York, where she lived, but a longtime friend, Rev. James Cleveland, led the New Temple service in front of his choir and her working band. Another minister, her father, Rev. C. L. Franklin, was in the house — as were her sisters and a couple of mentors. 0603497983841_600Her “Young, Gifted and Black” album would be released less than two weeks later, but she never mentioned that in the church. Neither did Cleveland nor her father. Aretha’s sense of style spoke for itself. On both nights she wore bright gowns, and dangling jeweled earrings, yet not an amount of glitter that could be called distracting. Her eyeliner and lipstick enhanced what may have been a shy smile. During those two nights, she sang religious songs with a fervor that incited ecstatic shouts from the congregation, and almost the same reaction from the seasoned musicians working alongside her. Other than unleashing her luminous vocal sound, nothing that Aretha Franklin said pronounced her as one of the most popular and influential singers on the planet. On those January nights she just seemed appreciative and eager to collaborate.

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Everything Aretha did in this era, she did in a big way. Her return to gospel music after over a decade in the pop wilderness was no exception. The record was recorded live at a Baptist church in Watts, Los Angeles over two days. Gospel luminaries including singer Clara Ward and Aretha’s father, the Reverand CL Franklin, were in the audience (as were the Stones’ Charlie Watts and Mick Jagger).

Daughter of an influential minister, Aretha Franklin accompanied her father on the gospel circuit, where she remained close with the music’s most celebrated singers. She was only about a generation removed from this genre’s creation. Going secular, she eventually worked with a consistent team of musicians who ideally complemented her voice during the late ’60s and early ’70s. Franklin brought that group and her family to that Baptist church in Los Angeles and recorded “Amazing Grace” during those two January nights in 1972. For generations of gospel singers, the album is more influential than any of her internationally adored secular songs. Fraklin

“Amazing Grace” also became a milestone because of Franklin’s call-and-response with her collaborators. Within the church, singer/pianist/arranger Cleveland’s vocal tone and compositions are even more influential than Franklin’s voice. He also brought choirs to a higher level of precision. But Cleveland never worked with a more accomplished rhythm section than on this album, primarily Franklin’s working band of bassist Chuck Rainey, drummer Bernard “Pretty” Purdie and guitarist Cornell Dupree. The group and environment gave Franklin the space and support to sing with more freedom than she had when she cranked out two or three-minute singles throughout the preceding decade.

Freed from the constraints of cutting a three-minute single, Franklin takes her time on Amazing Grace, stretching songs and combining them in surprising medleys. But the real magic of the album, comes from the combination of Aretha’s voice with that of Reverend James Cleveland’s Southern California Community Choir. This combination of star soloist and choir became standard in gospel music from this point forward.

It’s hard to pinpoint a favourite song on the album, they are all stars in their own way. “Precious Lord (Take My Hand)/You’ve Got a Friend,” is a beautiful a medley that melds a classic gospel tune with Carole King‘s decidedly secular pop hit. It never fails to bring tears to my eyes when the choir enters singing ‘precious lord, take my hand’ while Aretha’s voice sores into the sky. Its amazing stuff. “How I Got Over,” a Clara Ward cover that is closely associated with the ongoing civil rights movement. “You’ll never walk alone” the Rodges and Hammerstein tune, that became a football stadium song, but then transformed into another civil rights song. Aretha’s version is incredibly pared back and restrained, which highlights its inner strength. “The Old Landmark”, later also recorded by the James Cleveland Choir, with James Brown as soloist, for the Blues Brothers film

The album was originally released in 1972 as a double album, with as a quirk, side 1 & 4 on one record and side 2 & 3 on the other.

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In 1999 the album was remastered for cd and re-released as Amazing Grace: The Complete Recordings. This version contains most, if not all, of the songs recorded over the two days. This is one of those few occasions where it is worthamazing-grace-aretha-franklin having both versions. The original recordings really focus on Aretha’s flying voice, the remastered version also makes it a incredible interaction between Aretha’s voice and the voices of the choir.

The two days of recording at the New Bethel Baptist Church were also captured on film. Director Sydney Pollack was however totally inexperienced in shooting music documentary and shot without clapper boards snapping shut at the beginning of each take to help synchronize sound and picture in post-production. As a result of this mistake, even after months of work by experts, the 20 hours of footage couldn’t be synchronized with the audio tracks. The choir director from the Watts recordings was brought in to try to lip-read the reels, but after months of work, only about 150 minutes of footage had been matched with sound, none of it adding up to a complete, useable song. Deadlines passed as the “Amazing Grace” album came out in June 1972, selling millions with no synergy. In August, Warner Bros. officially wrote off and shelved the movie. Pollack never gave up on the project, but constantly had other commitments. In 2007, dying of cancer, Pollack finally handed the documentary project over to producer and music enthusiast Alan Elliott.

Elliot took his dying friend’s words seriously; he was determined to finish Pollack’s film. He even mortgaged his own home to purchase the negative from Warner Bros. (WME’s Ari Emanuel, Elliott’s one-time partner in an early, failed Internet venture, put in a good word for him with the studio). And finally, two years after Pollack’s death in 2008, working with the digital detectives at the Deluxe film lab, who used computers to sift through the footage and audio recordings, Elliott succeeded in syncing the movie. There was an early screening in 2010, and a trailer was even cut, as Elliott planned for a 2011 release of Amazing Grace. Then, yet another snag: Franklin filed a lawsuit against Elliott for appropriating her likeness without permission.

Franklin won’t say what upsets her about the movie’s release, although she recently told The Detroit Free Press that she’d seen and “loves” the movie. However, the film has not been released as yet. Let’s hope we can see it all soon.

 

 

 

Warm Wintry Grooves

Hello Groovers,

From time to time the Liquid Sunshine Sound System gets out of the discotheque and into the wild to play some wild funky dj sets. This week we have one of those.

DJ Maarten Vlot did a great set at the RUC in Turner last Sunday. It was a real Canberran winter day. It start of pretty chilly, but when the sun started shining the record decks came out and the Sound System got cranked up! Enjoy some of the smooth winter tunes:

You may have also noticed that the Liquid Sunshine Sound System is going through a bit of a chance. We’re super excited in becoming the number one site for all your deep funk, rare groove, disco and beats. We’re changing the site to give you more access to all the background info to the funks, you didn’t know.

More Funks, More Beats, More Discos!

DJ Bobo

This week at the Liquid Sunshine Discotheque we are visited by legendary bike builder DJ Bobo from Bobo Bicycles, who plays some of his favourite funk tunes.

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Bobo has been building and riding bikes for yonks, and this combination of long bike rides, punctuated by welding torches has provided him with a wonderful eclectic taste for funk music. Expect some spacey industrial dub.

He introduced me to the amazing Miroslav Vitous, who is a Czech Jazz bassist, who was a founding member of Weather Report. DJ Bobo brought in an album from 1976 – Magical Shepherd, which sounds very much from 1976 and is classic old school jazz funk. I will feature some of Miroslav in future programs.

For now, enjoy the program.

Stream

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Oranjefeest

Hello Groovers,

From time to time I venture out of the studio and into Deejay Wonderland. Last week I played music at the amazing Dutch Food and Culture Festival in Canberra. 5 hours of exclusive Dutch music! I made a selection of Dutch music for your listening pleasure and you can stream with the Mixcloud player below.

We start of with Dutch party music, before we slow down with some classic oldies. At about the 1 hour mark the mix moves into the contemporary Dutch electronic music. Get on up and boogie!

It was incredibly to be part of this festival. There was so much food, games, dancing children, dress ups in traditional dutch clothes, bicycles, laughter and lots and lots of crazy Dutchies in orange. Have a look at the photos. Looking forward to be part of it again next year.

 

 

 

Credit To The Re-Edit

In this weeks show we will explore the history of remixes and contemporary re-edits. It’s amazing stuff – old boogie pants with new shoes.

In the clubs the sounds currently enticing you onto the floor, whether you recognise them as such or not, may well be re-edits. Records, both familiar and obscure, culled from the disco era, or in some cases even earlier, are being rearranged and presented, via the aid of modern technology, as something fresh.

“It’s become the main genre we sell,” says Simon Rigg, manager of London dance music specialist Phonica Records, who guesses that up to 40% of his current vinyl stock comprises reworked versions of older music. The same tale comes from Alec Greenhough, who runs distributor Toko and All Ears Ltd.

“A lot less imagination seems to go into new dance music these days,” says Danny Webb, dance music purchaser at Manchester’s Piccadilly Records, where re-edits account for a similar percentage of dance vinyl sales. “I think DJs would rather spend their money on older records that may have been re-edited as these have, [and] in many cases been tried and tested on dancefloors by DJs over many years.”

The acts constructing the re-edits, names like Lovefingers and Nitedog, have become familiar to the cognoscenti. Alongside peers like Danny Krivit, Idjut Boys, Prins Thomas, Yam Who?, Theo Parrish, Ashley Beedle’s London Heavy Disco Review, Mudd, Erol Alkan’s Beyond The Wizard’s Sleeve and labels such as Moxie, Bear Funk, Noid, Soft Rocks, Supreme Edits, Mindless Boogie, Automan, Lobster Disques and Ugly Edits, these contributors are changing the face of dance music, yet receive little fanfare.

“Most of these re-edits only come out on limited edition vinyl runs,” says Rigg. “You can’t buy them as downloads, so the audience is restricted to the dedicated few.” And perhaps it’s best that way. Reworkings of tracks by high-profile artists such as Stevie Wonder, The Beatles and The Rolling Stones would surely land some of these producers in hot water were their work any more visible.

In the United States re-edits have been part of a DJ’s armoury since the days of 1970s . Originally a simple re-arrangement of an existing piece of music, the intros or percussion breaks often extended, or fey-sounding bridge sections omitted, they were made purely for the enjoyment of the clubber or for the DJ to show off. Today, things have changed, producers choosing to add extra percussion, or even getting hold of the original multi-track recordings of the source material in order to create a more radical reworking.

The majority of such activities are unlicensed and some wonder whether the major labels, who own the rights to much of this material, are complicit in this burgeoning trend, or are at least turning a blind eye. “I think for quite a while now, because it sells in relatively small numbers, vinyl has been viewed as a marketing tool,” reckons Greenhough. It is now also a huge portion of music sales, and last year for the first time in decades, physical sales of music are outgrowing digital sales.

These rejigged products certainly have the capability to reinvigorate forgotten back-catalogue stock, and it’s totally understandable why these re-edits should be surfacing now. Easy-to-use computer programs are the enablers for those bored with standard house music and are instead searching a world of older music via the internet before ultimately representing it in a dancefloor-friendly format. The sounds contained in the edits, often a dark and slowed down take on disco, marry perfectly with the punk funk of DFA Records, the midtempo grooves of Hot Chip, the leftfield dance music of Hercules and Love Affair and peers.

Trailblazing DJ Frankie Knuckles once stated that house music was “disco’s revenge”. But via the medium of re-edits, disco seems to have returned to compete with its offspring. The playlists of much of current UK clubland – disco re-edits, Frankie Goes To Hollywood, early European electronica, Talking Heads, Compass Point productions, DFA, Ze Records and NYC punk funk – bear a closer similarity to the glorious melange Ron Hardy was spinning in Chicago’s proto-house club The Music Box than anything we’ve heard in house music clubs this past decade. Maybe disco didn’t require retribution after all, perhaps it just needed time?

Chic Cheer!

 

Super Mega Music Mix:

Chic (currently known as Chic featuring Nile Rodgers) was a pioneering all-black disco band with a hard funk underpinning first made critically famous when their third single “Le Freak” (1978) hit #1 on the Billboard Hot 100 and R&B charts. Chic was widely regarded as the slickest and most talented musicians on the New York disco scene. because of their unerring sense of style, belief that disco was a glitzy escape from reality and their impact on not only the disco music of the 70s but 80s music as a whole.

The Origins of Chic

Guitarist Nile Rodgers and bassist Bernard Edwards founded Chic in 1976. Inspired by a concert for Roxy Music, an English glam rock band, they attended, Rodgers and Edwards began sourcing talent to form a group that would present an immersive experience with influence by the glam rock style of bands like Kiss. Tony Thompson joined the band in 1977 as a drummer and recruited Raymond Jones as a keyboardist. Norma Jean Wright joined the band as their lead singer and the group recorded “Dance, Dance, Dance (Yowzah, Yowzah, Yowzah)” with a fresh-faced recording engineer Bob Clearmountain.

Despite the high quality of the two-sided pressing of the single, Chic nevertheless found themselves rejected by every major label. However, an independent named Buddah released the 12 inch, and it became so popular in dance clubs that Atlantic soon signed them to a deal. Edwards and Rodgers’ minimalist, funky take on disco proved perfect for the last half of the genre’s era, and they soon found themselves in high demand, with Nile and Bernard also finding lots of side work as producers and songwriters for acts like Sister Sledge and Diana Ross.

Chic’s Commercial Success

In 1977 they released their self-titled debut album “Chic” on Atlantic Records, which featured later hits “Dance, Dance, Dance,” and “Everybody Dance.” After a conflict with her solo career, Wright left the group in 1978 and the band replaced her with Alfa Anderson and Luci Martin for their subsequent albums.

It wasn’t until their 1978 release of their second studio album, “C’est Chic,” that the band truly took off. Featured on the album, “Le Freak” went on to become one of their most played tracks, smashing records on the Billboard Music charts. The album itself also went on to be their only #1 album, hitting the top of the R&B chart after its release.

Chic’s Best Known Songs

It’s pretty much impossible to reach the adulthood without being exposed to Chic’s two biggest hits “Le Freak” and “Good Times,” usually in the context of some party-rock atmosphere. But the groove of “Good Times” was consciously recreated for the Sugarhill Gang’s “Rapper’s Delight,” which means Chic helped birth classic old-school hip-hop as well. “Le Freak” is now shorthand for any wild party, whether it be in “Gossip Girl,” “Glee,” “Nip/Tuck,” Shrek 2 or Toy Story 3.

Chic’s Later Years

Unfortunately, the anti-disco backlash soon swept Chic into the bargain bin, but Edwards, Rodgers, and Thompson arguably found even greater success afterward. Rodgers went on to produce David Bowie’s “Let’s Dance and Madonna’s “Like A Virgin LPs. Edwards produced Robert Palmer’s “Riptide” breakthrough album and formed the Power Station.

(Thompson played drums on all these projects!) The band reunited with its female leads for a mildly successful comeback in 1992, but sadly both Edwards and Thompson have since passed on. Original singer Norma Jean Wright occasionally performs Chic classics live with Anderson and Martin.

Many great acts went on to cover their work, most notably late-’80s dance diva Jody Watley had a minor hit with her version of “I Want Your Love.” “Good Times” has also been sampled by Grandmaster Flash, De La Soul, and the Beastie Boys. Wham! and Duran Duran, both big Chic fans, often covered “Good Times” in concert.

 

SalSoul Special

Hello Groovers,

Today in the Liquid Sunshine Discotheque it’s an all salsoul disco dance special.

(A copy of the show will be available soon – in the meantime, enjoy the special music mixes available on the Liquid Sunshine Sound System Mixcloud page – https://www.mixcloud.com/sasmancometh/)

 

Operating out of NYC, SalSoul was one of the foremost and influential disco labels of its time. Having dabbled in latino music through their Mericana imprint, the Cayre brothers, Joseph, Kenneth and Stanley, founded SalSoul in 1974 taking the name from a Joe Bataan album previously licensed to CBS. Salsoul was literally a combination of ‘salsa’ and ‘soul’ and in an inspired move, the brothers immediately put together a house band known as the SalSoul Orchestra. Drummer Earl Young, bassist Ronnie Baker, guitarists Norman Harris and Bobby Eli, keyboard players Bunny Sigler and Ron Kersey, vibes man Vince Montana Jr and conga player/band leader Larry Washington had all played on Gamble & Huff’s Philadelphia productions and would provide SalSoul’s signature sound. Unable to secure a major label distribution deal, the brothers managed to get legendary DJ Frankie Crocker to support the debut single ‘SalSoul Hustle’ and the label was up and running.

A succession of disco classics followed, including the first commercially available 12” single, Double Exposure’s ‘Ten Percent’ and recordings by First Choice, Candido, Carol Williams, Inner Life, Skyy and Loleatta Holloway. The label was unable to ride the disco backlash, although it continued until 1984. In 1992 the label was revived and interest in its catalogue bloomed when Holloway’s ‘Love Sensation’ was sampled and became an integral part of Black Box’s ‘Ride On Time and Mark Mark & The Funky Bunch’s ‘Good Vibrations’. Particularly popular throughout Europe, the SalSoul catalogue has since been sampled and remixed on numerous occasions. The SalSoul master catalogue was acquired by BMG in 2015 as part of the Verse Music Group, which also includes Salsoul Orchestra, Joe Bataan, Double Exposure, Loleatta Holloway, First Choice, Carol Williams, Skyy, Silvetti, Jimmy Caster, Charo, Aurra, Eddie Holman, Candido, Funk Deluxe, Bunny Sigler & Candido

To finish up, here’s another sweet taster.

Worry No More

I really like this, but not nearly as much as I’d like a full sitcom where Santigold and Yachty run a bakery for real. Can we make this happen? Anyone? James Van Der Beek, you out there, bro? Good to see Diplo switching up the template: the guitars and steely beats join the dots between The xx and ‘The Morning’-era Weeknd, with a sense of fun that’s more more-ish than all those donuts in the video. “You keep the fame, keep the phony canned applause,” sings Santigold. “I’ll keep on dreaming and keep on rising high above.”

This is a great pairing of personalities – you’ve got Yachty, the little kid who refuses to grow up and just wants to live in a “nice house on the shore”, and Santigold, endlessly charismatic and weirdly ageless, bringing the catchy quotables. It’s all believable. They just love to make cakes! And they don’t wanna worry about stuff! They like to play with frosting and wear hats with their names on!

The video is great, the song is great, can’t argue with any of it.